Chromosome 7, Partial Monosomy 7p

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Chromosome 7, Partial Monosomy 7p is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Chromosome 7, 7p Deletion Syndrome, Partial
  • Chromosome 7, Partial Deletion of Short Arm
  • Terminal 7p Monosomy, Included
  • Del(7p) Syndrome, Partial
  • Interstitial 7p Monosomy, Included
  • Partial 7p Monosomy

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Chromosome 7, Partial Monosomy 7p is a rare chromosomal disorder characterized by deletion (monosomy) of a portion of the short arm (p) of chromosome 7 (7p). Associated symptoms and findings may be variable and may depend on the specific size and location of the deleted segment of 7p. However, in many cases, there is early closure of the fibrous joints (cranial sutures) between certain bones of the skull (craniosynostosis), resulting in an abnormally shaped head. For example, depending on the specific sutures involved, the forehead may appear unusually "triangular shaped" (trigonocephaly) or the head may seem abnormally long and narrow with the top pointed or conical (turricephaly). Affected infants and children may also have additional malformations of the skull and facial (craniofacial) region. Such abnormalities may include an unusually small head (microcephaly), closely or widely set eyes (ocular hypotelorism or hypertelorism), downslanting eyelid folds (palpebral fissures), and/or other findings.

Partial Monosomy 7p may also be characterized by additional physical features, such as growth deficiency, musculoskeletal abnormalities, genital defects, structural malformations of the heart that are present at birth (congenital heart defects), and/or other abnormalities. In addition, some affected individuals may have varying degrees of mental retardation and delays in the acquisition of skills requiring the coordination of mental and motor activities (psychomotor delays). Normal intelligence has also been reported.

In most cases, Chromosome 7, Partial Monosomy 7p appears to result from spontaneous (de novo) errors very early in embryonic development that occur for unknown reasons.
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Resources

Children's Craniofacial Association
13140 Coit Road
Suite 517
Dallas, TX 75240
USA
Tel: (214)570-9099
Fax: (214)570-8811
Tel: (800)535-3643
Email: contactCCA@ccakids.com
Internet: http://www.ccakids.com

Support Organization for Trisomy 18, 13, and Related Disorders
2982 South Union Street
Rochester, NY 14624-1926
Fax: (585)594-1957
Tel: (800)716-7638
Email: barbv@trisomy.org
Internet: http://www.trisomy.org

March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
Tel: (914)997-4488
Fax: (914)997-4763
Tel: (888)663-4637
Email: Askus@marchofdimes.com
Internet: http://www.marchofdimes.com

FACES: The National Craniofacial Association
P. O. Box 11082
Chattanooga, TN 37401
Tel: (423)266-1632
Fax: (423)267-3124
Tel: (800)332-2373
Email: faces@faces-cranio.org
Internet: http://www.faces-cranio.org

Arc (a national organization on mental retardation)
1010 Wayne Ave
Suite 650
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Tel: (301)565-3842
Fax: (301)565-3843
Tel: (800)433-5255
TDD: (817)277-0553
Email: info@thearc.org
Internet: http://www.thearc.org/

AmeriFace
PO Box 751112
Las Vegas, NV 89136
USA
Tel: (702)769-9264
Fax: (702)341-5351
Tel: (888)486-1209
Email: info@ameriface.org
Internet: http://www.ameriface.org

Chromosome Disorder Outreach, Inc.
P.O. Box 724
Boca Raton, FL 33429-0724
USA
Tel: (561)395-4252
Fax: (561)395-4252
Email: info@chromodisorder.org
Internet: http://www.chromodisorder.org

American Heart Association
7272 Greenville Avenue
Dallas, TX 75231-4596
Tel: (214)373-6300
Fax: (214)373-0268
Tel: (800)242-8721
Email: Review.personal.info@heart.org
Internet: http://www.americanheart.org

Congenital Heart Anomalies, Support, Education, & Resources, Inc. (CHASER, Inc.)
2112 North Wilkins Road
Swanton, OH 43558
USA
Tel: (419)825-5575
Fax: (419)825-2880
Email: myer106w@wonder.em.cdc.gov
Internet: http://www.csun.edu/~hcmth011/chaser/chaser-news.html

UNIQUE - Rare Chromosome Disorder Support Group
P.O. Box 2189
Caterham
Surrey, Intl CR3 5GN
United Kingdom
Tel: 44 0 1883 330766
Fax: 44 0 1883 330766
Email: info@rarechromo.org
Internet: http://www.rarechromo.org

Craniofacial Foundation of America
975 East Third Street
Chattanooga, TN 37403
Tel: (423)778-9176
Fax: (423)778-8172
Tel: (800)418-3223
Email: terry.smyth@erlanger.org
Internet: http://www.craniofacialfoundation.org/www

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Email: ordr@od.nih.gov
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/Default.aspx

For a Complete Report

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html

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