Chromosome 9, Tetrasomy 9p

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Chromosome 9, Tetrasomy 9p is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Tetrasomy 9p
  • Tetrasomy, Short Arm of Chromosome 9
  • Chromosome 9, Tetrasomy 9p Mosaicism
  • Mosaic Tetrasomy 9p

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Chromosome 9, Tetrasomy 9p is a very rare chromosomal disorder in which the short arm of the ninth chromosome (9p) appears four times (tetrasomy) rather than twice in all or some cells of the body. Individuals with a normal chromosomal make-up (karyotype) have two 9th chromosomes, both of which have a short arm ("9p") and a long arm ("9q"). However, in individuals with Chromosome 9, Tetrasomy 9p, four short arms (9ps) are present in cells rather than the normal two.

The symptoms of Chromosome 9, Tetrasomy 9p may vary greatly in range and severity from case to case. Associated abnormalities may include mild growth retardation, moderate to severe delay in the attainment of skills requiring the coordination of muscular and mental activities (psychomotor retardation), and/or moderate to severe mental retardation. In addition, the disorder may be characterized by various physical abnormalities, such as malformations of the skull and facial (craniofacial) region, abnormalities of the hands and fingers, skeletal malformations, and/or heart (cardiac) defects. Chromosome 9, Tetrasomy 9p appears to result from spontaneous (de novo) errors very early in embryonic development that occur for unknown reasons (sporadically).
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Resources

Support Organization for Trisomy 18, 13, and Related Disorders
2982 South Union Street
Rochester, NY 14624-1926
Fax: (585)594-1957
Tel: (800)716-7638
Email: barbv@trisomy.org
Internet: http://www.trisomy.org

Chromosome Disorder Outreach, Inc.
P.O. Box 724
Boca Raton, FL 33429-0724
USA
Tel: (561)395-4252
Fax: (561)395-4252
Email: info@chromodisorder.org
Internet: http://www.chromodisorder.org

Trisomy 9 International Parent Support (9TIPS)
Alice Todd
4027 E. Piedmont Drive
Highland, CA 92346
USA
Tel: (909)862-4470
Email: atoddna@sprynet.com

American Heart Association
7272 Greenville Avenue
Dallas, TX 75231-4596
Tel: (214)373-6300
Fax: (214)373-0268
Tel: (800)242-8721
Email: Review.personal.info@heart.org
Internet: http://www.americanheart.org

UNIQUE - Rare Chromosome Disorder Support Group
P.O. Box 2189
Caterham
Surrey, Intl CR3 5GN
United Kingdom
Tel: 44 0 1883 330766
Fax: 44 0 1883 330766
Email: info@rarechromo.org
Internet: http://www.rarechromo.org

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Email: ordr@od.nih.gov
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/Default.aspx

For a Complete Report

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html

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