Turner Syndrome

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Turner Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • 45, X Syndrome
  • Bonnevie-Ulrich Syndrome
  • Chromosome X, Monosomy X
  • Gonadal Dysgenesis (45,X)
  • Gonadal Dysgenesis (XO)
  • Monosomy X
  • Morgagni-Turner-Albright Syndrome
  • Ovarian Dwarfism, Turner Type
  • Ovary Aplasia, Turner Type
  • Pterygolymphangiectasia
  • Schereshevkii-Turner Syndrome
  • Turner-Varny Syndrome
  • XO Syndrome

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Turner syndrome is a rare chromosomal disorder of females characterized by short stature and the lack of sexual development at puberty. Other physical features may include a short neck with a webbed appearance, heart defects, kidney abnormalities, and/or various other malformations. Among affected females, there is also a heightened incidence of osteoporosis, type II diabetes, and hypothyroidism. There appears to be great variability in the degree to which girls with Turner syndrome are affected by any of its manifestations.

Turner syndrome occurs when one of the two X chromosomes normally found in women is missing or incomplete. Although the exact cause of Turner syndrome is not known, it appears to occur as a result of a random error during the division (meiosis) of sex cells.

Resources

Human Growth Foundation
997 Glen Cove Avenue
Glen Head, NY 11545
Tel: (516)671-4041
Fax: (516)671-4055
Tel: (800)451-6434
Email: hgf1@hgfound.org
Internet: http://www.hgfound.org/

March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
Tel: (914)997-4488
Fax: (914)997-4763
Tel: (888)663-4637
Email: Askus@marchofdimes.com
Internet: http://www.marchofdimes.com

Turner Syndrome Society of the United States
10960 Millridge North Drive
#214A
Houston, TX 77070
Tel: (281)516-7272
Fax: (281)516-7280
Tel: (800)365-9944
Email: tssus@turnersyndrome.org
Internet: http://www.turnersyndrome.org

Turner's Syndrome Society
21 Blackthorn Avenue
Toronto
Ontario, Intl M6N 3H4
Canada
Tel: 4167812086
Fax: 4167817245
Tel: 8004656744
Email: tssincan@web.net
Internet: http:// www.turnersyndrome.ca

NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
31 Center Dr
Building 31, Room 2A32
MSC2425
Bethesda, MD 20892
Tel: (301)496-5133
Fax: (301)496-7101
Internet: http://www.nichd.nih.gov/

Birth Defect Research for Children, Inc.
800 Celebration Ave, Suite 225
Orlando, FL 34747
USA
Tel: (407)566-8304
Fax: (407)895-0824
Email: staff@birthdefects.org
Internet: http://www.birthdefects.org

MUMS National Parent-to-Parent Network
150 Custer Court
Green Bay, WI 54301-1243
USA
Tel: (920)336-5333
Fax: (920)339-0995
Tel: (877)336-5333
Email: mums@netnet.net
Internet: http://www.netnet.net/mums/

Turner Syndrome Support Society (UK)
13 Simpson Court
11 South Ave
Clydebank Business Park
Clydebank, G81 6AZ
Scottland, UK
Tel: 0141 952 8006
Fax: 0141 952 8025
Tel: 0845 2307520
Email: Turner.Syndrome@tss.org.uk
Internet: http://www.tss.org.uk

New Horizons Un-Limited, Inc.
811 East Wisconsin Ave
Suite 937
Milwaukee, WI 53202
USA
Tel: (414)299-0124
Fax: (414)347-1977
Email: horizons@new-horizons.org
Internet: http://www.new-horizons.org

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Email: ordr@od.nih.gov
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/Default.aspx

Madisons Foundation
PO Box 241956
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: (310)264-0826
Fax: (310)264-4766
Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org
Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org

Let Them Hear Foundation
1900 University Avenue, Suite 101
East Palo Alto, CA 94303
Tel: (650)462-3143
Fax: (650)462-3144
Tel: (877)735-2929
Email: info@letthemhear.org
Internet: http://www.letthemhear.org

For a Complete Report

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html

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