Neonatal Hemochromatosis

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Neonatal Hemochromatosis is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Congenital Hemochromatosis

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Neonatal hemochromatosis is a rare disorder affecting newborns. It is characterized by liver disease associated with the accumulation of excess iron in the liver and other areas of the body. In most cases, signs of neonatal hemochromatosis are apparent within 48 hours of birth. In many cases, neonatal hemochromatosis rapidly progresses to cause life-threatening complications such as liver failure. However, researchers now believe that neonatal hemochromatosis represents a spectrum of disease and some infants are less severely affected than others. There is a high risk of recurrence in subsequent pregnancies of women who have had a child with neonatal hemochromatosis. Although the exact cause of the disorder is not fully understood, researchers believe most cases of neonatal hemochromatosis result from maternal fetal alloimmunity, a condition in which antibodies from the mother travel over the placenta and mistakenly attack the fetus.

Resources

March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
Tel: (914)997-4488
Fax: (914)997-4763
Tel: (888)663-4637
Email: Askus@marchofdimes.com
Internet: http://www.marchofdimes.com

Iron Overload Diseases Association, Inc.
433 Westwind Drive
PO Box 15857
West Palm Beach, Fl 33416-5857
Tel: (561)586-8246
Fax: (561)842-9881
Tel: (866)768-8629
Email: iod@ironoverload.org
Internet: http://ironoverload.org

American Liver Foundation
75 Maiden Lane
Suite 603
New York, NY 10038
USA
Tel: (212)668-1000
Fax: (212)483-8179
Tel: (800)465-4837
Email: info@liverfoundation.org
Internet: http://www.liverfoundation.org

Children's Liver Disease Foundation
36 Great Charles Street
Birmingham, Intl B3 3JY
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 (0) 121 212 3839
Fax: +44 (0) 121 212 4300
Email: info@childliverdisease.org
Internet: http://www.childliverdisease.org

British Liver Trust
Portman House
44 High Street
Ringwood, Intl BH24 1AG
United Kingdom
Tel: 01425 463080
Fax: 01425 470706
Email: info@britishlivertrust.org.uk
Internet: http://www.britishlivertrust.org.uk

American Hemochromatosis Society (AHS)
4044 W. Lake Mary Blvd.
Suite 104 PMB 416
Lake Mary, FL 32746-2012
USA
Tel: (407)829-4488
Fax: (407)333-1284
Tel: (888)655-4766
Email: mail@americanhs.org
Internet: http://www.americanhs.org

Iron Disorders Institute
PO Box 675
Taylors, SC 29687
USA
Tel: (864)292-1175
Fax: (864)292-1878
Tel: (888)565-4766
Email: info@irondisorders.org
Internet: http://www.irondisorders.org

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Email: ordr@od.nih.gov
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/Default.aspx

For a Complete Report

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html

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