Nemaline Myopathy

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Nemaline Myopathy is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Congenital Rod Disease
  • NM
  • Rod Myopathy

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Nemaline myopathy is a rare genetic muscle disorder. Myopathy is a general medical term meaning "disease of the muscle." At least six different forms of nemaline myopathy have been identified. The severity, age of onset, and inheritance pattern varies among these different forms of nemaline myopathy. A severe form that is present at birth (congenital) can cause life-threatening complications. Milder forms and a form with onset in adulthood have also been identified. Most affected individuals have a milder form of the disorder known as typical congenital nemaline myopathy. Most individuals with this form are able to walk and lead active lives. Characteristic symptoms of all forms of nemaline myopathy include muscle weakness, diminished muscle tone (hypotonia), and absence of certain reflexes. In most cases, muscle weakness does not worsen or spread (nonprogressive), though it some cases it may. The inheritance patterns of the six forms of nemaline myopathy also vary; some are inherited as an autosomal recessive trait and some as an autosomal dominant trait.

When certain muscle fibers of individuals with nemaline myopathy are examined under a microscope, they show the presence of fine, thread-like or rod-like structures called "nemaline bodies." The prefix "nemal" is derived from Greek and means "thread-like." Nemaline bodies consist of defective proteins, which are normally required for proper muscle health and function.

Resources

March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
Tel: (914)997-4488
Fax: (914)997-4763
Tel: (888)663-4637
Email: Askus@marchofdimes.com
Internet: http://www.marchofdimes.com

Muscular Dystrophy Association
3300 E. Sunrise Dr
Tucson, AZ 85718
USA
Tel: (520)529-2000
Fax: (520)529-5300
Tel: (800)572-1717
Email: mda@mdausa.org
Internet: http://www.mda.org/

Muscular Dystrophy Campaign
61 Southwark Street
London, SE1 0HL
United Kingdom
Tel: 020 7803 4800
Email: info@muscular-dystrophy.org
Internet: http://www.muscular-dystrophy.org

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
Tel: (301)496-5751
Fax: (301)402-2186
Tel: (800)352-9424
TDD: (301)468-5981
Email: me20t@nih.gov
Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/

Nemaline Myopathy Website
Email: davidmcd@hotmail.com
Internet: http://www.davidmcd.btinternet.co.uk/

European Alliance of Neuromuscular Disorders Associations
MDG Malta 4,
Gzira Road
Gzira, Intl GAR 04
Malta
Tel: 00356 21 346688
Fax: 00356 21 318024
Email: eamda@hotmail.com
Internet: http://www.eamda.net

MUMS National Parent-to-Parent Network
150 Custer Court
Green Bay, WI 54301-1243
USA
Tel: (920)336-5333
Fax: (920)339-0995
Tel: (877)336-5333
Email: mums@netnet.net
Internet: http://www.netnet.net/mums/

Foundation Building Strength for Nemaline Myopathy
2450 El Camino Real
Suite 101
Palo Alto, CA 94306
Tel: (650)320-8000
Email: info@buildingstrength.org
Internet: http://buildingstrength.org/

For a Complete Report

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html

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