Apnea, Infantile

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Apnea, Infantile is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Infantile Sleep Apnea

Disorder Subdivisions

  • Central Apnea
  • Diaphragmatic Apnea
  • Obstructive Apnea
  • Upper Airway Apnea
  • Mixed Apnea

General Discussion

Apnea is a term used to describe the temporary absence of spontaneous breathing. Infantile apnea occurs in children under the age of one year. Apnea may occur because of neurological impairment of the respiratory rhythm or obstruction of air flow through the air passages. The symptoms of infantile apnea include the stoppage of breathing during sleep, an abnormal bluish discoloration to the skin (cyanosis) and sometimes an unusually slow heartbeat (bradycardia). Infantile apnea may be related to some cases of sudden infant death syndrome. Episodes of apnea may decrease with age. However, several forms of adult sleep apnea also exist.

Resources

First Candle-SIDS Alliance
1314 Bedford Avenue
Suite 210
Baltimore, MD 21208
Tel: (410)653-8226
Fax: (410)653-8709
Tel: (800)221-7437
Email: info@firstcandle.org
Internet: http://www.firstcandle.org

American Sleep Disorders Association
1610 14th Street NW
Suite 300
Rochester, MN 55901
Tel: (507)287-6006
Fax: (507)287-6008
Email: asda@millcomm.com

Center for Research in Sleep Disorders
1275 East Kemper Rd.
Cincinnati, OH 45246
Tel: (513)671-3101
Fax: (513)671-4159
TDD: (311)111-6111
Email: ggaz@tristatesleep.com

American Sleep Apnea Association
1424 K Street NW
Suite 302
Washington, DC 20005
USA
Tel: (202)293-3650
Fax: (202)293-3656
Email: asaa@sleepapnea.org
Internet: http://www.sleepapnea.org

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
Tel: (301)496-5751
Fax: (301)402-2186
Tel: (800)352-9424
TDD: (301)468-5981
Email: me20t@nih.gov
Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/

NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
31 Center Dr
Building 31, Room 2A32
MSC2425
Bethesda, MD 20892
Tel: (301)496-5133
Fax: (301)496-7101
Internet: http://www.nichd.nih.gov/

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Email: ordr@od.nih.gov
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/Default.aspx

For a Complete Report

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html

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