National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report Urticaria Pigmentosa is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
- Localized Infantile Mastocytosis
- Mastocytosis, Infantile
- Nettleship's, E. Disease Type I
- Urticaria, Perstans Hemorrhagica
Urticaria pigmentosa is a rare skin disorder that is a localized (cutaneous) form of mastocytosis. Some clinicians suggest that urticaria pigmentosa is the childhood form of mastocytosis. Mast cells are specialized cells of connective tissue that release substances such as histamine (a chemical important in the inflammatory process) and heparin (an anti-clotting agent) when the body's alarm mechanism is set off. When mast cells cluster and multiply excessively (proliferate), histamine and heparin are released into the skin (mastocytosis). The characteristic skin lesions of urticaria pigmentosa appear in these areas. Urticaria pigmentosa is generally benign and is usually self-limited. The exact cause of the disease is not known, although some cases may be inherited.
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