Central Hypoventilation Syndrome, Congenital

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Central Hypoventilation Syndrome, Congenital is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • CCHS
  • Haddad syndrome
  • autonomic control, congenital failure of
  • Ondine curse, congenital
  • Ondine-Hirschsprung disease, included
  • OHD
  • CCHS with Hirschsprung disease, included

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is a rare disorder of autonomic nervous system dysregulation (ANSD). The autonomic nervous system is the portion of the nervous system that controls or regulates certain involuntary body functions including heart rate, blood pressure, temperature regulation, breathing, bowel and bladder control, and more. Impaired breathing (respiratory control) is the hallmark of CCHS. Individuals with CCHS typically present in the newborn period with inadequate breathing (alveolar hypoventilation) during sleep and, in more severely affected individuals, during wakefulness and sleep. Breathing complications occur despite the lungs and airways being normal. A growing number of individuals are now being identified who present in later infancy, childhood, or even adulthood.

All individuals with CCHS have a mutation in the PHOX2B gene. The vast majority of individuals (90%) with CCHS have a polyalanine repeat expansion mutation (PARM) in PHOX2B. The remaining individuals with CCHS have a non-polyalanine repeat expansion mutation (NPARM) in the PHOX2B gene.

Resources

CCHS Family Support Network (Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome)
71 Maple Street
Oneonta, NY 13820
USA
Tel: (607)432-8872
Fax: (607)431-4351
Email: VanderlaanM@Hartwick.Edu
Internet: http://www.CCHSNetwork.org

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
Tel: (301)496-5751
Fax: (301)402-2186
Tel: (800)352-9424
TDD: (301)468-5981
Email: me20t@nih.gov
Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/

International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders
P.O. Box 170864
Milwaukee, WI 53217
USA
Tel: (414)964-1799
Fax: (414)964-7176
Tel: (888)964-2001
Email: iffgd@iffgd.org
Internet: http://www.iffgd.org

MUMS National Parent-to-Parent Network
150 Custer Court
Green Bay, WI 54301-1243
USA
Tel: (920)336-5333
Fax: (920)339-0995
Tel: (877)336-5333
Email: mums@netnet.net
Internet: http://www.netnet.net/mums/

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Email: ordr@od.nih.gov
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/Default.aspx

For a Complete Report

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html

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