National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

It is possible that the main title of the report Alkaptonuria is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.


  • Alcaptonuria (alternate spelling for Alkaptonuria)
  • Alkaptonuric Ochronosis
  • Hereditary Alkaptonuria
  • Homogentisic Acid Oxidase Deficiency
  • Homogentisic Acidura
  • Ochronosis
  • Ochronotic Arthritis

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Alkaptonuria is a rare hereditary disorder in which homogentisic acid accumulates in the body and destroys connective tissue and bone, creating a condition called ochronosis. Symptoms generally begin during the second or third decade of life, and may progress to incapacitating bone and joint disease by the sixth to eighth decade of life. The condition is characterized by the excretion of large volumes of dark colored urine. The darkened urine is the result of the exposure to the air of homogentisic acid that accumulates in the urine.


CLIMB (Children Living with Inherited Metabolic Diseases)
Climb Building
176 Nantwich Road
Crewe, Intl CW2 6BG
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 870 7700 325
Fax: +44 870 7700 327

March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
Tel: (914)997-4488
Fax: (914)997-4763
Tel: (888)663-4637

NIH/National Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases Information Clearinghouse
1 AMS Circle
Bethesda, MD 20892-3675
Tel: (301)495-4484
Fax: (301)718-6366
Tel: (877)226-4267
TDD: (301)565-2966

MUMS National Parent-to-Parent Network
150 Custer Court
Green Bay, WI 54301-1243
Tel: (920)336-5333
Fax: (920)339-0995
Tel: (877)336-5333

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223

Alkaptonuria Society
12 High Beeches
Childwall, Liverpool, L16 3G
Tel: 0151-737-1862
Fax: 0151-737-1862

Madisons Foundation
PO Box 241956
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: (310)264-0826
Fax: (310)264-4766

For a Complete Report

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see

related physicians

related services

Bon Secours International| Sisters of Bon Secours USA| Bon Secours Health System

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. Privacy Policy. How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.