Radiation Syndromes

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

It is possible that the main title of the report Radiation Syndromes is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.


  • Radiation Disease
  • Radiation Effects
  • Radiation Illness
  • Radiation Injuries
  • Radiation Reaction
  • Radiation Sickness

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Radiation syndromes describe the harmful effects--acute, delayed, or chronic--produced by exposure to ionizing radiations. Tissues vary in response to immediate radiation injury according to the following descending order of sensitivity: (1) lymph cells (2) reproductive organs (3) proliferating cells of the bone marrow (4) epithelial cells of the bowel (5) top layer (epidermis) of the skin (6) liver cells (7) epithelium of the little lung sacs (alveoli) and bile passages (8) kidney epithelial cells (9) endothelial cells of the membranes around the lungs, lining the chest cavity (pleura) and the abdominal cavity (peritoneum) (10) nerve cells (11) bone cells (12) muscle and connective tissue. Generally, the more rapid the turnover of the cell, the greater the radiation sensitivity.


Leukemia & Lymphoma Society
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American Cancer Society, Inc.
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National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements
7910 Woodmont Avenue
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Bethesda, MD 20814-3095
Tel: (301)657-2652
Fax: (301)907-8768
Email: ncrp@NCRPonline.org
Internet: http://www.NCRPonline.org

Rare Cancer Alliance
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Green Valley, AZ 85614
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Internet: http://www.rare-cancer.org

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
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Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
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Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Email: ordr@od.nih.gov
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/Default.aspx

For a Complete Report

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html

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