National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report Toxoplasmosis is not the name you expected.
Toxoplasmosis is an infectious disease that can be caused by contact with a microscopic parasitic organism called Toxoplasma gondii. This parasitic infection, found worldwide, can either be acquired or be present at birth (congenital). The congenital type is a result of a maternal infection during pregnancy that is transmitted to the fetus and involves lesions of the central nervous system. These lesions may lead to blindness, brain defects and more serious conditions. The disorder may be most severe when it is transmitted to the fetus during the second through sixth month of pregnancy.
Millions of people are infected with the Toxoplasma parasite, but very few exhibit symptoms because a healthy person's immune system usually keeps the parasite from causing illness. For people with a compromised immune system, such as those with HIV-AIDs, toxoplasmosis can be a serious disorder.
The most common ways in which the acquired form is spread include cleaning a cat's litter box, eating contaminated meat that is raw or under-cooked, and drinking contaminated water.
Arc (a national organization on mental retardation)
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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Atlanta, GA 30333
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
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MUMS National Parent-to-Parent Network
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Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
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Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
For a Complete Report
For a Complete Report
This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html