Medulloblastoma

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Medulloblastoma is not the name you expected.

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Medulloblastoma is a cancerous (malignant) tumor of the lower part of the brain (infratentorial [posterior fossa] tumor) that is derived from immature nerve cells known as neuroblasts (i.e., primitive neuroectodermal tumor [PNET]). It is considered the most common malignant brain tumor in children yet is extremely rare in adults.

Medulloblastomas generally arise in the back (posterior), mid region (i.e., vermis) of the cerebellum, which is the part of the brain behind the brain stem involved in coordinating voluntary movements and regulating balance and posture. They typically infiltrate the roof or side wall of the fluid-filled fourth cavity (ventricle) of the brain, extending into the cavity. (There are four ventricles within the brain that are filled with cerebrospinal fluid [CSF] and joined by ducts, through which the fluid circulates.) Medulloblastomas may invade the protective membranes (meninges) surrounding the brain and spread (metastasize) via the CSF to the spinal cord, to the surface of the hemispheres of the brain (cerebrum), and, less commonly, to sites outside the brain and spinal cord (i.e., central nervous system), particularly to bone.
.

Resources

American Brain Tumor Association
2720 River Road
Suite 146
Des Plaines, IL 60018
USA
Tel: (847)827-9910
Fax: (847)827-9918
Tel: (800)886-2282
Email: info@abta.org
Internet: http://www.abta.org

Candlelighters Childhood Cancer Foundation
P.O. Box 498
Kensington, MD 20895-0498
Tel: (301)962-3520
Fax: (301)962-3521
Tel: (800)366-2223
Email: staff@candlelighters,org
Internet: http://www.candlelighters.org

American Cancer Society, Inc.
1599 Clifton Road NE
Atlanta, GA 30329
USA
Tel: (404)320-3333
Tel: (800)227-2345
TDD: (866)228-4327
Internet: http://www.cancer.org

Harvard Brain Tissue Resource Center
McLean Hospital
115 Mill Street
Belmont, MA 02478
Tel: (617)855-2400
Fax: (617)855-3199
Tel: (800)272-4622
Email: hbtrc@mclean.harvard.edu
Internet: http://www.brainbank.mclean.org

National Cancer Institute Physician Data Query (PDQ) Cancer Information Service
9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, MD 20892
Tel: (800)422-6237
Internet: http://www.cancernet.nci.nih.gov/pdq.html

National Cancer Institute
6116 Executive Blvd, MSC 8322, Room 3036A
Bethesda, MD 20892-8322
USA
Tel: (301)435-3848
Tel: (800)422-6237
TDD: (800)332-8615
Internet: http://www.cancer.gov

OncoLink: The University of Pennsylvania Cancer Center Resource
3400 Spruce Street
2 Donner
Philadelphia, PA 19104-4283
USA
Tel: (215)349-5445
Fax: (215)349-5445
Email: editors@oncolink.upenn.edu
Internet: http://www.oncolink.upenn.edu

Rare Cancer Alliance
1649 North Pacana Way
Green Valley, AZ 85614
USA
Tel: (520)625-5495
Fax: (615)526-4921
Email: sharon.lane@rare-cancer.org
Internet: http://www.rare-cancer.org

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Email: ordr@od.nih.gov
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/Default.aspx

Madisons Foundation
PO Box 241956
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: (310)264-0826
Fax: (310)264-4766
Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org
Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org

Pediatric Brain Tumor Foundation
302 Ridgefield Court
Asheville, NC 28806
Tel: (828)665-6891
Fax: (828)665-6894
Tel: (800)253-6530
Internet: http://www.pbtfus.org

Friends of Cancer Research
2231 Crystal Drive
Suite 200
Arlington, VA 22202
Tel: (703)302-1503
Fax: (703)302-1568
Email: info@focr.org
Internet: http://www.focr.org

Cancer.Net
American Society of Clinical Oncology
2318 Mill Road
Suite 800
Alexandria, VA 22314
Tel: (571)483-1780
Fax: (571)366-9537
Tel: (888)651-3038
Email: contactus@cancer.net
Internet: http://www.cancer.net/patient

Wellness Community
919 18th Street N.W.
Suite 54
Washington, DC 20006
Tel: (202)659-9709
Fax: (202)659-9301
Tel: (888)793-9355
Email: help@thewellnesscommunity.org
Internet: http://www.thewellnesscommunity.org

Lance Armstrong Foundation
2201 E. Sixth Street
Austin, TX 78702
Tel: (512)236-8820
Fax: (512)236-8482
Tel: (877)236-8820
Email: media@livestrong.org
Internet: http://www.livestrong.org

National Brain Tumor Society
124 Watertown Street, Suite 2D
Watertown, MA 02472
Tel: (617)924-9997
Fax: (617)924-9998
Tel: (800) 770-8287
Email: info@braintumor.org
Internet: http://www.braintumor.org

For a Complete Report

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html

related physicians

related services

Bon Secours International| Sisters of Bon Secours USA| Bon Secours Health System

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. Privacy Policy. How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.