Parkinson's Disease

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Parkinson's Disease is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Drug-Induced Parkinsonism
  • Paralysis Agitans
  • Parkinsonism
  • Postencephalitic Parkinsonism
  • Secondary Parkinsonism
  • Shaking Palsy
  • Symptomatic Parkinsonism

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Parkinson's disease is a slowly progressive neurologic condition characterized by involuntary trembling (tremor), muscular stiffness or inflexibility (rigidity), slowness of movement and difficulty carrying out voluntary movements. Degenerative changes occur in areas deep within the brain (substantia nigra and other pigmented regions of the brain), causing a decrease in dopamine levels in the brain. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter, which is a chemical that sends a signal in the brain. Parkinsonian symptoms can also develop secondary to hydrocephalus (a condition in which the head is enlarged and areas of the brain accumulate excessive fluids, resulting in an increase in pressure on the brain), head trauma, inflammation of the brain (encephalitis), obstructions (infarcts) or tumors deep within the cerebral hemispheres and the upper brain stem (basal ganglia), or exposure to certain drugs and toxins. Parkinson's disease is slowly progressive and may not become incapacitating for many years.

Resources

WE MOVE (Worldwide Education and Awareness for Movement Disorders)
204 West 84th Street
New York, NY 10024
USA
Tel: (212)875-8312
Fax: (212)875-8389
Email: wemove@wemove.org
Internet: http://www.wemove.org

Parkinson's Disease Foundation, Inc.
1359 Broadway
Suite 1509
New York, NY 10018
Tel: (212)923-4700
Fax: (212)923-4778
Tel: (800)457-6676
Email: info@pdf.org
Internet: http://www.pdf.org

NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
6610 Rockledge Drive
MSC 6612
Bethesda, MD 20892-6612
Tel: (301)496-5717
Fax: (301)402-3573
TDD: (800)877-8339
Internet: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
Tel: (301)496-5751
Fax: (301)402-2186
Tel: (800)352-9424
TDD: (301)468-5981
Email: me20t@nih.gov
Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/

Awakenings (Parkinson's Disease Information and News)
Web Site on the Internet
Email: editor@parkinsonsdisease.com
Internet: http://www.parkinsonsdisease.com

Vasculitis of the Central Nervous System
vasculitisoftheCNS@yahoogroups.com
Tel: (770)978-5636
Email: SunnyBrook222@aol.com
Internet: http://www.VasculitisoftheCNS@yahoogroups.com

MUMS National Parent-to-Parent Network
150 Custer Court
Green Bay, WI 54301-1243
USA
Tel: (920)336-5333
Fax: (920)339-0995
Tel: (877)336-5333
Email: mums@netnet.net
Internet: http://www.netnet.net/mums/

Stem Cell Research Foundation
22512 Gateway Center Drive
Clarksburg, MD 20871
USA
Tel: (877)842-3442
Email: info@stemcellresearchfoundation.org
Internet: http://www.stemcellresearchfoundation.org

Alzheimer's Foundation of America
322 8th Ave, 7th Floor
New York, NY 10001
USA
Tel: (866)232-8484
Fax: (646)638-1546
Tel: (866)232-8484
Email: info@alzfdn.org
Internet: http://www.alzfdn.org

New Horizons Un-Limited, Inc.
811 East Wisconsin Ave
Suite 937
Milwaukee, WI 53202
USA
Tel: (414)299-0124
Fax: (414)347-1977
Email: horizons@new-horizons.org
Internet: http://www.new-horizons.org

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Email: ordr@od.nih.gov
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/Default.aspx

Madisons Foundation
PO Box 241956
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: (310)264-0826
Fax: (310)264-4766
Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org
Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org

National Parkinson Foundation, Inc.
1501 NW 9th Ave/Bob Hope Road
Miami, FL 33136-1494
Tel: (305)243-6666
Fax: (305)243-5595
Tel: (800)327-4545
Email: contact@parkinson.org
Internet: http://www.parkinson.org

American Association of Neurological Surgeons
5550 Meadowbrook Drive
Rolling Meadows, IL 60008-3852
Tel: (847)378-0500
Fax: (847)378-0600
Tel: (888)566-2267
Email: info@aans.org
Internet: http://www.NeurosurgeryToday.org and http://www.aans.org

Child Neurology Foundation
2000 West 98th Street
Bloomington, MN 55431
USA
Tel: (952)641-6100
Fax: (952)881-6276
Tel: (800)263-5430
Email: jstone@childneurologyfoundation.org
Internet: http://www.childneurologyfoundation.org

Northwest Parkinson’s Foundation
400 Mercer Street
#401
Seattle, WA 98109
Tel: (877)980-7500
Fax: (877)980-7500
Email: info@nwpf.org
Internet: http://www.nwpf.org

For a Complete Report

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html

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