Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Acute Toxic Epidermolysis
  • Dermatitis Exfoliativa
  • Lyell Syndrome
  • Ritter Disease
  • Ritter-Lyell Syndrome
  • Scalded Skin Syndrome
  • Staphyloccal Scalded Skin Syndrome
  • TEN
  • Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis
  • Lyelles Syndrome

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a rare, sometimes life-threatening unless properly treated, immunological disorder of the skin. It is characterized by blisters that meld into one another to cover a substantial portion of the body (30% and more), and extensive peeling or sloughing off of skin (exfoliation and denudation). The exposed under layer of skin (dermis) is red and suggests severe scalding. Often, the mucous membranes become involved, especially around the eyes (conjunctivitis), but also the mouth, throat, and bronchial tree.

Onset can occur at any age. The infantile form frequently follows an infection. In adults the disorder is usually caused by a reaction to taking a pharmaceutical drug, especially anticonvulsants, non-steroid anti-inflammatories, and/or some antibiotics.

TEN is thought to be an immunological disorder and to be one of a family of three skin disorders. TEN is considered to be the more serious, followed by Stevens-Johnson syndrome and erythema multiforme, in order of severity of disease.

Resources

Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa Research Association of America, Inc. (DEBRA)
16 East 41st Street
Third Floor
New York, NY 10017
Tel: (212)868-1573
Fax: (212)868-9296
Tel: (866)332-7276
Email: staff@debra.org
Internet: http://www.debra.org

NIH/National Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases Information Clearinghouse
1 AMS Circle
Bethesda, MD 20892-3675
USA
Tel: (301)495-4484
Fax: (301)718-6366
Tel: (877)226-4267
TDD: (301)565-2966
Email: NIAMSinfo@mail.nih.gov
Internet: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info

University of Pennsylvania Dermatology Clinic
Dermatology Clinic
34th and Spruce Streets
Philadelphia, PA 19104
Tel: (215)662-6535

Stevens Johnson Syndrome Foundation and Support Group
PO Box 350333
Westminster, CO 80035-0333
Tel: (303)635-1241
Fax: (303)635-1241
Email: sjsupport@aol.com
Internet: http://www.sjsupport.org

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Email: ordr@od.nih.gov
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/Default.aspx

For a Complete Report

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html

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