Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis
National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
- Acute Toxic Epidermolysis
- Dermatitis Exfoliativa
- Lyell Syndrome
- Ritter Disease
- Ritter-Lyell Syndrome
- Scalded Skin Syndrome
- Staphyloccal Scalded Skin Syndrome
- Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis
- Lyelles Syndrome
Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a rare, sometimes life-threatening unless properly treated, immunological disorder of the skin. It is characterized by blisters that meld into one another to cover a substantial portion of the body (30% and more), and extensive peeling or sloughing off of skin (exfoliation and denudation). The exposed under layer of skin (dermis) is red and suggests severe scalding. Often, the mucous membranes become involved, especially around the eyes (conjunctivitis), but also the mouth, throat, and bronchial tree.
Onset can occur at any age. The infantile form frequently follows an infection. In adults the disorder is usually caused by a reaction to taking a pharmaceutical drug, especially anticonvulsants, non-steroid anti-inflammatories, and/or some antibiotics.
TEN is thought to be an immunological disorder and to be one of a family of three skin disorders. TEN is considered to be the more serious, followed by Stevens-Johnson syndrome and erythema multiforme, in order of severity of disease.
Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa Research Association of America, Inc. (DEBRA)
16 East 41st Street
New York, NY 10017
NIH/National Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases Information Clearinghouse
1 AMS Circle
Bethesda, MD 20892-3675
University of Pennsylvania Dermatology Clinic
34th and Spruce Streets
Philadelphia, PA 19104
Stevens Johnson Syndrome Foundation and Support Group
PO Box 350333
Westminster, CO 80035-0333
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
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