Tyrosinemia, Hereditary

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Tyrosinemia, Hereditary is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Hepatorenal tyrosinemia
  • Hereditary tyrosinemia type 1
  • Fumarylacetoacetase deficiency
  • Congenital tyrosinosis

Disorder Subdivisions

  • Tyrosinemia type 1, acute form
  • Tyrosinemia type 1, chronic form

General Discussion

Tyrosinemia type I is a rare genetic metabolic disorder characterized by lack of the enzyme fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase (FAH), which is needed to break down the amino acid tyrosine. Failure to properly break down tyrosine leads to abnormal accumulation of tyrosine and its metabolites in the liver, potentially resulting in severe liver disease. Tyrosine may also accumulate in the kidneys and central nervous system.

Symptoms and physical findings associated with tyrosinemia type I include failure to gain weight and grow at the expected rate (failure to thrive), fever, diarrhea, vomiting, an abnormally enlarged liver (hepatomegaly), and yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes (jaundice). Tyrosinemia type I may progress to more serious complications such as severe liver disease. Tyrosinemia type one is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait.
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Resources

CLIMB (Children Living with Inherited Metabolic Diseases)
Climb Building
176 Nantwich Road
Crewe, Intl CW2 6BG
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 870 7700 325
Fax: +44 870 7700 327
Email: info.svcs@climb.org.uk
Internet: http://www.CLIMB.org.uk

March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
Tel: (914)997-4488
Fax: (914)997-4763
Tel: (888)663-4637
Email: Askus@marchofdimes.com
Internet: http://www.marchofdimes.com

Children's Liver Alliance
IN
Email: mail@liverkids.org.au
Internet: http://www.liverkids.org.au

American Liver Foundation
75 Maiden Lane
Suite 603
New York, NY 10038
USA
Tel: (212)668-1000
Fax: (212)483-8179
Tel: (800)465-4837
Email: info@liverfoundation.org
Internet: http://www.liverfoundation.org

NIH/National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive & Kidney Diseases
Endocrine Diseases Metabolic Diseases Branch
2 Information Way
Bethesda, MD 20892-3570
Tel: (301)654-3810
Fax: (301)496-7422
Email: NDDIC@info.niddk.nih.gov
Internet: http://www.niddk.nih.gov

Hereditary Tyrosinemia Group (Groupe Aide Aux Enfants Tyrosinemiques Du Quebec)
3162 rue Granville
Jonquiere
Quebec, Intl G7S 2B9
Canada
Tel: (418) 548-1580
Email: gerard.tremblay@sympatico.ca
Internet: http://www.cegep-chicoutimi.qc.ca/gaetq/

Belgian Association for Metabolic Diseases (BOKS)
Alice Nahonlann 7
Melsele, 9120
Belgium
Tel: 3237754839
Email: info@boks.be
Internet: http://www.boks.be

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Email: ordr@od.nih.gov
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/Default.aspx

Madisons Foundation
PO Box 241956
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: (310)264-0826
Fax: (310)264-4766
Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org
Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org

Joshua's Cure
P.O. Box 1106
Cary, NC 27511-1106
Tel: (919) 567-1922
Email: mike@joshuascure.org
Internet: http://www.joshuascure.org

Cook for Love, Inc.
30 Seneca Street
Dobbs Ferry, NY 10522
Tel: (914)674-1025
Email: info@cookforlove.org
Internet: http://www.cookforlove.org

For a Complete Report

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html

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