Intestinal Pseudoobstruction

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Intestinal Pseudoobstruction is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Chronic Idiopathic Intestinal Pseudoobstruction
  • CIIP
  • Congenital Short Bowel Syndrome
  • Hypomotility Disorder
  • Pseudointestinal Obstruction Syndrome
  • Pseudoobstructive Syndrome

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Intestinal pseudoobstruction is a digestive disorder that may be present at birth. The intestinal walls are unable to contract normally (hypomotility) to generate wave-like (peristaltic) motion. This condition resembles a true obstruction, but no such blockage exists. Abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, malabsorption of nutrients leading to weight loss and/or failure to thrive, are signal signs. Enlargement of various parts of the small intestine or bowel also occur.

There are two kinds of Intestinal pseudoobstruction, depending on the source of the failure of the gastrointestinal tract. If the problem is abnormal functioning of the nerves of the abdominal wall leading to non-synchronized contractions, then the episode is classified as neurogenic and the disorder is known as neuropathic pseudoobstruction. If the functional failure can be traced to weak or absent contractions of the muscle itself, then it is classified as myogenic and the disorder is known as myopathic pseudoobstruction.
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Resources

Association of Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders, Inc. (AGMD)
AGMD International Corporate Headquarters
12 Roberts Drive
Bedford, MA 01730
Tel: (781)275-1300
Fax: (781)275-1304
Email: digestive.motility@gmail.com
Internet: http://www.agmd-gimotility.org

NIH/National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive & Kidney Diseases
Endocrine Diseases Metabolic Diseases Branch
2 Information Way
Bethesda, MD 20892-3570
Tel: (301)654-3810
Fax: (301)496-7422
Email: NDDIC@info.niddk.nih.gov
Internet: http://www.niddk.nih.gov

International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders
P.O. Box 170864
Milwaukee, WI 53217
USA
Tel: (414)964-1799
Fax: (414)964-7176
Tel: (888)964-2001
Email: iffgd@iffgd.org
Internet: http://www.iffgd.org

MUMS National Parent-to-Parent Network
150 Custer Court
Green Bay, WI 54301-1243
USA
Tel: (920)336-5333
Fax: (920)339-0995
Tel: (877)336-5333
Email: mums@netnet.net
Internet: http://www.netnet.net/mums/

Bowel Group for Kids Incorporated
Bowel Group for Kids Inc.-Stet
PO Box 40
Oakdale, NSW, 2570
Austrailia
Tel: 61 2 4659 6186
Fax: 61 2 4659 6381
Email: gribbins@ozemail.com.au

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Email: ordr@od.nih.gov
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/Default.aspx

CORE
3 St. Andrews Place
London, NW1 4LB
UK
Tel: 020 7486 0341
Fax: 020 7224 2012
Email: info@corecharity.org.uk
Internet: http://www.corecharity.org.uk

Gastroparesis & Dysmotilities Association (GPDA)
5520 Dalhart Hill N.W.
Calgary, AB, T3A 1S9
Canada
Tel: 403-247-3215
Email: jkf@gpda.net
Internet: http://www.digestivedistress.com

For a Complete Report

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html

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