VACTERL Association

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report VACTERL Association is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • VATERS association
  • VACTERLS association
  • VATER association

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

VACTERL association is a nonrandom association of birth defects that affects multiple organ systems. The term VACTERL is an acronym with each letter representing the first letter of one of the more common findings seen in affected children:

(V) = vertebral abnormalities
(A) = anal atresia
(C) = cardiac (heart) defects
(T) = tracheal anomalies including tracheoesophageal fistula
(E) = esophageal atresia
(R) = renal (kidney) and radial abnormalities
(L) = (other) limb abnormalities

In addition, to the above mentioned features, affected children may also exhibit less frequent abnormalities including growth deficiencies and failure to gain weight and grow at the expected rate (failure to thrive). Further low-frequency findings include facial asymmetry (hemifacial microsomia), external ear malformations, lung lobation defects, intestinal malrotation and genital anomalies. VATER/VACTERL features are more common in twinning. In some cases, the acronym VATER association is used. Some researchers have added an (S) to the VACTERL or VATER acronym to represent a single umbilical artery instead of the normal two. Mental functioning and intelligence is usually unaffected; developmental delay/mental retardation should suggest an alternative diagnosis. The exact cause of VACTERL association is unknown. Most cases occur randomly, for no apparent reason (sporadic).

Resources

March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
Tel: (914)997-4488
Fax: (914)997-4763
Tel: (888)663-4637
Email: Askus@marchofdimes.com
Internet: http://www.marchofdimes.com

Congenital Heart Anomalies, Support, Education, & Resources, Inc. (CHASER, Inc.)
2112 North Wilkins Road
Swanton, OH 43558
USA
Tel: (419)825-5575
Fax: (419)825-2880
Email: myer106w@wonder.em.cdc.gov
Internet: http://www.csun.edu/~hcmth011/chaser/chaser-news.html

TEF/VATER/VACTRL National Support Network
15301 Grey Fox Road
Upper Marlboro, MD 20772
Tel: (301)952-6837
Fax: (301)952-9152
Email: tefvater@ix.netcom.com
Internet: http://www.tefvater.org

EA/TEF Child and Family Support Connection, Inc.
111 West Jackson Boulevard
Suite 1145
Chicago, IL 60604-3502
USA
Tel: (312)987-9085
Fax: (312)987-9086
Email: info@eatef.org
Internet: http://www.eatef.org

Tracheo Oesophageal Fistula Support Group (TOFS)
St. George's Centre
91 Victory Road
Netherfield
Nottingham, Intl NG4 2NN
United Kingdom
Tel: 0115 961 3092
Fax: 0115 961 3097
Email: office@tofs.org.uk
Internet: http://www.tofs.org.uk

VATER Connection, Inc.
1722 Yucca Lane
Emporia, KS 66801
Tel: (620)342-6954
Fax: (620)342-6954
Email: angie@vaterconnection.org
Internet: http://www.vaterconnection.org

Birth Defect Research for Children, Inc.
800 Celebration Ave, Suite 225
Orlando, FL 34747
USA
Tel: (407)566-8304
Fax: (407)895-0824
Email: staff@birthdefects.org
Internet: http://www.birthdefects.org

MUMS National Parent-to-Parent Network
150 Custer Court
Green Bay, WI 54301-1243
USA
Tel: (920)336-5333
Fax: (920)339-0995
Tel: (877)336-5333
Email: mums@netnet.net
Internet: http://www.netnet.net/mums/

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Email: ordr@od.nih.gov
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/Default.aspx

Fetal Hope Foundation
9786 S Holland Street
Littleton, CO 80127
USA
Tel: (303)932-0553
Tel: (877)789-4673
Email: info@fetalhope.org
Internet: http://www.fetalhope.org

For a Complete Report

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html

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