Hallermann Streiff Syndrome

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Hallermann Streiff Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Francois dyscephaly syndrome
  • Hallermann-Streiff-Francois syndrome
  • Oculomandibulodyscephaly with hypotrichosis
  • HSS
  • Oculomandibulofacial syndrome

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Hallermann-Streiff syndrome was first described in the medical literature in 1893. The disorder was named for two investigators who later independently reported cases of the syndrome (Hallermann W, 1948; Streiff EB, 1950), recognizing it as a distinct disease entity.
Hallermann-Streiff syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that is primarily characterized by distinctive malformations of the skull and facial (craniofacial) region; sparse hair (hypotrichosis); eye (ocular) abnormalities; dental defects; degenerative skin changes (atrophy), particularly in the scalp and nasal regions; and/or short stature (i.e., dwarfism). Characteristic craniofacial features include a short, broad head (brachycephaly) with an unusually prominent forehead and/or sides of the skull (frontal and/or parietal bossing); a small, underdeveloped lower jaw (hypoplastic mandible); a narrow, highly arched roof of the mouth (palate); and a thin, pinched, tapering nose. Many affected individuals also have clouding of the lenses of the eyes at birth (congenital cataracts); unusually small eyes (microphthalmia); and/or other ocular abnormalities. Dental defects may include the presence of certain teeth at birth (natal teeth) and absence (hypodontia or partial adontia), malformation, and/or improper alignment of teeth. In almost all cases, Hallermann-Streiff syndrome has appeared to occur randomly for unknown reasons (sporadically) and may be the result of a new change to genetic material (mutation).

Resources

National Foundation for Ectodermal Dysplasias
410 East Main Street
PO Box 114
Mascoutah, IL 62258-0114
Tel: (618)566-2020
Fax: (618)566-4718
Email: info@nfed.org
Internet: http://www.nfed.org

Children's Craniofacial Association
13140 Coit Road
Suite 517
Dallas, TX 75240
USA
Tel: (214)570-9099
Fax: (214)570-8811
Tel: (800)535-3643
Email: contactCCA@ccakids.com
Internet: http://www.ccakids.com

March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
Tel: (914)997-4488
Fax: (914)997-4763
Tel: (888)663-4637
Email: Askus@marchofdimes.com
Internet: http://www.marchofdimes.com

FACES: The National Craniofacial Association
P. O. Box 11082
Chattanooga, TN 37401
Tel: (423)266-1632
Fax: (423)267-3124
Tel: (800)332-2373
Email: faces@faces-cranio.org
Internet: http://www.faces-cranio.org

National Association for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments (NAPVI)
P.O. Box 317
Watertown, MA 02472
Tel: (617)972-7441
Fax: (617)972-7444
Tel: (800)562-6265
Email: napvi@perkins.org
Internet: http://www.napvi.org

Little People of America, Inc.
250 El Camino Real
Suite 201
Tustin, CA 92780
Tel: (714)368-3689
Fax: (714)368-3367
Tel: (888)572-2001
Email: info@lpaonline.org
Internet: http://www.lpaonline.org

National Craniofacial Foundation
3100 Carlisle Street
Suite 215
Dallas, TX 75204
Tel: (800)535-3643

NIH/National Eye Institute
Building 31 Rm 6A32
31 Center Dr MSC 2510
Bethesda, MD 20892-2510
United States
Tel: (301)496-5248
Fax: (301)402-1065
Email: 2020@nei.nih.gov
Internet: http://www.nei.nih.gov/

Institute for Families
4650 Sunset Blvd, Mail Stop 111
Los Angeles, CA 90027
USA
Tel: (323)361-4649
Fax: (323)665-7869
Email: info@instituteforfamilies.org
Internet: http://www.instituteforfamilies.org

Craniofacial Foundation of America
975 East Third Street
Chattanooga, TN 37403
Tel: (423)778-9176
Fax: (423)778-8172
Tel: (800)418-3223
Email: terry.smyth@erlanger.org
Internet: http://www.craniofacialfoundation.org/www

MUMS National Parent-to-Parent Network
150 Custer Court
Green Bay, WI 54301-1243
USA
Tel: (920)336-5333
Fax: (920)339-0995
Tel: (877)336-5333
Email: mums@netnet.net
Internet: http://www.netnet.net/mums/

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Email: ordr@od.nih.gov
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/Default.aspx

Madisons Foundation
PO Box 241956
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: (310)264-0826
Fax: (310)264-4766
Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org
Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org

Hallerman-Streiff Support Group
3524 Blenheim Road
Phoenix, MD 21131
Tel: (443)318-4461
Email: hmbeam@gmail.com
Internet: http://www.hallerman-streiffsupport.org

For a Complete Report

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html

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