AIDS Dysmorphic Syndrome
National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report AIDS Dysmorphic Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
- Dysmorphic Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
- Dysmorphic AIDS
- Fetal Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
- Fetal AIDS Infection
- Fetal Effects of AIDS
- HIV Embryopathy
- Perinatal AIDS
The term "AIDS dysmorphic syndrome" or "HIV embryopathy" has been used by some researchers to describe specific facial malformations (i.e., craniofacial dysmorphism), an unusually small head, and growth deficiency in some infants infected with HIV.* Such craniofacial abnormalities have included a prominent, boxlike forehead; large, wide eyes; a flattened nasal bridge; and an unusually pronounced philtrum, which is the vertical groove in the center of the upper lip.
However, many investigators have since questioned the significance of these observations. Such researchers indicate that there is lack of evidence for characteristic craniofacial malformations in infants who acquired HIV infection from their mother before, during, or shortly after birth (i.e., perinatally).
*HIV is the abbreviation for the human immunodeficiency virus, a retrovirus that infects certain white blood cells called helper T cells (CD4+ cells). HIV infection leads to progressive deterioration of the body's immune system and causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Arc (a national organization on mental retardation)
1010 Wayne Ave
Silver Spring, MD 20910
amfAR (American Foundation for AIDS Research)
120 Wall Street
New York, NY 10005-3902
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
1600 Clifton Road NE
Atlanta, GA 30333
1728 Laurel Canyon Boulevard, Suite C
PO Box 69491
Los Angeles, CA 90069
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
6610 Rockledge Drive
Bethesda, MD 20892-6612
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Jack Miller Center for Peripheral Neuropathy
University of Chicago
5841 South Maryland Ave, MC 2030
Chicago, IL 60637
For a Complete Report
For a Complete Report
This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html