Leukodystrophy

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Leukodystrophy is not the name you expected.

Disorder Subdivisions

  • Refsum Disease
  • Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis
  • Metachromatic Leukodystrophy
  • Zellweger Syndrome Spectrum Disorders
  • Krabbe Disease
  • X-linked Adrenoleukodystrophy
  • Multiple Sulfatase Deficiency
  • Megalencephaly with Subcortical Cysts
  • Pelizaeus-Merzbacher Disease
  • Alexander Disease
  • Canavan Disease
  • Childhood Ataxia and Cerebral Hypomyelination (CACH)
  • Other Leukodystrophies

General Discussion

Leukodystrophies are a group of very rare, progressive, metabolic, genetic diseases that affect the brain, spinal cord and often the peripheral nerves. Each type of leukodystrophy is caused by a specific gene abnormality that leads to abnormal development of one of at least 10 different chemicals that make up the white matter (myelin sheath) of the brain. The myelin sheath is the protective covering of the nerve and nerves can't function normally with out it. Each type of leukodystrophy affects a different part of the myelin sheath, leading to a range of neurological problems.

Resources

Kennedy Krieger Institute
707 North Broadway
Baltimore, MD 21205
Tel: (443)923-9200
Fax: (443)923-9405
Tel: (800)873-3377
TDD: (443)923-9400
Email: info@kennedykrieger.org
Internet: http://www.kennedykrieger.org

National Tay-Sachs and Allied Diseases Association, Inc.
2001 Beacon Street
Suite 204
Brighton, MA 02135
USA
Tel: (617)277-4463
Fax: (617)277-0134
Tel: (800)906-8723
Email: info@ntsad.org
Internet: http://www.NTSAD.org

United Leukodystrophy Foundation
2304 Highland Drive
Sycamore, IL 60178
Tel: (815)895-3211
Fax: (815)895-2432
Tel: (800)728-5483
Email: office@ulf.org
Internet: http://www.ulf.org/

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
Tel: (301)496-5751
Fax: (301)402-2186
Tel: (800)352-9424
TDD: (301)468-5981
Email: me20t@nih.gov
Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/

Hunter's Hope Foundation, Inc.
PO Box 643
3859 N. Buffalo Street
Orchard Park, NY 14127
Tel: (716)667-1200
Fax: (716)667-1212
Tel: (877)984-4673
Email: info@huntershope.org
Internet: http://www.huntershope.org

MUMS National Parent-to-Parent Network
150 Custer Court
Green Bay, WI 54301-1243
USA
Tel: (920)336-5333
Fax: (920)339-0995
Tel: (877)336-5333
Email: mums@netnet.net
Internet: http://www.netnet.net/mums/

Australian Leukodystrophy Support Group, Inc.
10 Mitchell Street
Mentone, Victoria, 3194
Australia
Tel: 0011(03)9584 7070
Fax: 0011(03)9583 4379
Email: leuko@vicnet.net.au
Internet: http://www.alds.org.au

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Email: ordr@od.nih.gov
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/Default.aspx

For a Complete Report

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html

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