Brachial Plexus Palsy

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Brachial Plexus Palsy is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Erb-Duchenne Palsy
  • Erb's Paralysis
  • Erb-Duchenne Paralysis
  • Duchenne-Erb Paralysis
  • Duchenne's Paralysis
  • Duchenne-Erb Syndrome
  • Upper Brachial Plexus Paralysis, Erb-Duchenne Type
  • Upper Brachial Plexus Palsy, Erb-Duchenne Type

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Brachial plexus palsy, also known as Erb's palsy, is a paralysis or weakness of the arm caused by an injury to one or more nerves that control and supply the muscles of the shoulder and upper extremities (upper brachial plexus). It is more commonly seen in newborns (neonates) and is often the result of a difficult delivery. When it occurs in adults, the cause typically is an injury that has caused stretching, tearing or other trauma to the brachial plexus network. The brachial plexus is the network of nerves that conducts signals from the spine to the shoulder, arm, and hand.

There are four types of brachial plexus injury: avulsion, the most severe type, in which the nerve is ripped from the spine; rupture, in which the nerve is torn but not at the point at which it is attached to the spine; neuroma, in which the nerve is torn and has tried to heal but scar tissue has grown around the site; and neuropraxia (stretch), the most common form of injury, in which the nerve has been damaged but not torn.

Resources

NIH/National Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases Information Clearinghouse
1 AMS Circle
Bethesda, MD 20892-3675
USA
Tel: (301)495-4484
Fax: (301)718-6366
Tel: (877)226-4267
TDD: (301)565-2966
Email: NIAMSinfo@mail.nih.gov
Internet: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info

Erb's Palsy Group
60 Anchorway Road
Warwickshire
Coventry, Intl CV3 6JJ
United Kingdom
Tel: 024 7641 3293
Fax: 024 7641 9857
Email: info@erbspalsygroup.co.uk
Internet: http://www.erbspalsygroup.co.uk

Brachial Plexus Palsy Foundation
210 Spring Haven Circle
Royersford, PA 19468
Email: brachial@comcast.net
Internet: http://www.membrane.com/bpp/

United Brachial Plexus Network (UBPN)
1610 Kent Street
Kent, OH 44240
Fax: (866)877-7004
Tel: (866)877-7004
Email: info@ubpn.org
Internet: http://www.ubpn.org

San Diego Brachial Plexus Network (SDBPN)
PO Box 928063
San Diego, CA 92192
Tel: (619)525-3179
Fax: (760)930-9795
Email: c-cannon@alumni.ucsd.edu
Internet: http://www.UBPN.ORG

MUMS National Parent-to-Parent Network
150 Custer Court
Green Bay, WI 54301-1243
USA
Tel: (920)336-5333
Fax: (920)339-0995
Tel: (877)336-5333
Email: mums@netnet.net
Internet: http://www.netnet.net/mums/

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Email: ordr@od.nih.gov
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/Default.aspx

For a Complete Report

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html

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