AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

Disorder Subdivisions

  • AIDS related complex
  • ARC
  • AIDS Prodrome
  • Wasting/Lymph Node Syndrome
  • Mini-AIDS
  • AIDS-Related Complex (ARC)

General Discussion

AIDS is an infectious disorder that suppresses the normal function of the immune system. It is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which destroys the body's ability to fight infections. Specific cells of the immune system that are responsible for the proper response to infections (T cells) are destroyed by this virus. Characteristically a person infected with HIV initially experiences no symptoms for a variable period of time. This may be followed by the development of persistent generalized swelling of the lymph nodes (AIDS-related lymphadenopathy). Eventually most patients infected with HIV experience a syndrome of symptoms that includes excessive fatigue, weight loss, and/or skin rashes.

The later stages of HIV infection are characterized by the progressive depression of T cells and repeated infections that can even occur during a course of antibiotic therapy for another infection (superinfections). People with AIDS are particularly vulnerable to "opportunistic infections" from bacteria that other people normally fight off. Pneumocystis carinii, which causes severe inflammation of the lungs (pneumonia), is a common infection that effects people with AIDS. Cancers (malignant neoplasms), and a wide variety of neurological abnormalities, most notably the AIDS dementia complex, may also occur. These neurological symptoms when of HIV infects the nervous system.
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Resources

Sexuality Information and Education Council of the U.S.
90 John St. Suite 704,
New York, NY 10038
Tel: (212)819-9770
Fax: (212)819-9776
Email: siecus@siecus.org
Internet: http://www.siecus.org

amfAR (American Foundation for AIDS Research)
120 Wall Street
Thirteenth Floor
New York, NY 10005-3902
USA
Tel: (212)806-1600
Fax: (212)806-1601
Tel: (800)392-6327
Email: webmaster@amfar.org
Internet: http://www.amfar.org

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
1600 Clifton Road NE
Atlanta, GA 30333
Tel: (404)639-3534
Tel: (800)311-3435
Email: http://www.cdc.gov/netinfo.htm
Internet: http://www.cdc.gov/

NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
6610 Rockledge Drive
MSC 6612
Bethesda, MD 20892-6612
Tel: (301)496-5717
Fax: (301)402-3573
TDD: (800)877-8339
Internet: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/

National Gay Task Force
80 Fifth Ave.
Suite 1691
New York, NY 10011

American Social Health Association
P.O. Box 13827
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709
Tel: (919)361-8400
Fax: (919)361-8425
Email: info@ashastd.org
Internet: http://www.ashastd.org

HIV/AIDS Treatment Information Service
P.O. Box 6303
Rockville, MD 20849-6303
Tel: (301)519-0459
Fax: (301)519-6616
Tel: (800)448-0440
TDD: (888)480-3739
Email: atis@hivatis.org
Internet: http://www.hivatis.org

CDC Business Responds to AIDS and Labor Responds to AIDS
Web Site on the Internet
Tel: (800)458-5231
TDD: (800)243-7012
Email: blrs@cdcnac.org
Internet: http://www.brta-lrta.org

Health Information Network
P.O. Box 30762
7211 Greenwood Ave N.
Seattle, WA 98113
USA
Tel: (206)784-5655
Fax: (203)784-3240
Email: information@healthinfonetwork.org
Internet: http://www.healthinfonetwork.org

Hemophilia Federation of America
210 7th St. SE
Suite 200B
Washington, DC 20003
USA
Tel: (202)675-6984
Fax: (202)675-6983
Tel: (800)230-9797
Email: info@hemophiliafed.org
Internet: http://www.hemophiliafed.org

MUMS National Parent-to-Parent Network
150 Custer Court
Green Bay, WI 54301-1243
USA
Tel: (920)336-5333
Fax: (920)339-0995
Tel: (877)336-5333
Email: mums@netnet.net
Internet: http://www.netnet.net/mums/

AIDSinfo
PO Box 6303
Rockville, MD 20849-6303
USA
Tel: (301)519-6616
Fax: (305)315-2818
Tel: (888)448-0440
TDD: (888)480-3739
Email: ContactUs@aidsinfo.nih.gov
Internet: http://www.aidsinfo.nih.gov

Sjældne Diagnoser / Rare Disorders Denmark
Frederiksholms Kanal 2, 3rd Floor
Copenhagen K, 1220
Denmark
Tel: 45 33 14 00 10
Fax: 45 33 14 55 09
Email: mail@sjaeldnediagnoser
Internet: http://www.raredisorders.dk

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Email: ordr@od.nih.gov
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/Default.aspx

Jack Miller Center for Peripheral Neuropathy
University of Chicago
5841 South Maryland Ave, MC 2030
Chicago, IL 60637
Tel: (773)702-5800
Fax: (773)702-5577
Internet: http://millercenter.uchicago.edu

Anemia Institute for Research and Education
151 Bloor Street West
Suite 600
Toronto, Ontario, M5S 1S4
Canada
Tel: 416-969-7431
Fax: 416-969-7420
Tel: 877-992-6364
Email: info@anemiainstitute.org
Internet: http://www.anemiainstitute.org

For a Complete Report

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html

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