National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report Gorham's Disease is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
- Disappearing Bone Disease
- Gorham's Syndrome
- Gorham-Stout Syndrome
- Idiopathic Massive Osteolysis
- Massive Gorham Osteolysis
- Massive Osteolysis
- Morbus Gorham-Stout Disease
- Progressive Massive Osteolysis
- Vanishing Bone Disease
- Essential Osteolysis
Gorham's disease (GD) is an extremely rare bone disorder; fewer than 200 cases are reported in the medical literature. It is characterized by bone loss (osteolysis) often associated with swelling or abnormal blood vessel growth (angiomatous proliferation). Bone loss can occur in just one bone or spread to soft tissue and adjacent bones.
Although the disease may strike any of the bones of the body, it is more often recognized earlier when the bones at the top of the head (calvarium) and/or the mandibles are involved.
Because of its rarity, the disorder often goes unrecognized. As a result of that, coupled with a lack of agreement on how best to treat Gorham's disease once it is recognized, treatment may often be delayed. The cause of Gorham's disease is unknown.
NIH/National Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases Information Clearinghouse
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Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
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Lymphangiomatosis & Gorham's Disease Alliance
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Boca Raton, FL 33434
For a Complete Report
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This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html