National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report Velocardiofacial Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
Velocardiofacial syndrome, (VCFS), a rare genetic disorder, is characterized by abnormalities of the head and facial (craniofacial) area, heart defects that are present at birth (congenital heart defects), diminished muscle tone (hyptonia), mild small stature, slight delays in the acquisition of skills requiring the coordination of mental and muscular activities (psychomotor retardation), and learning disabilities. Some of those affected also develop psychiatric problems.
The syndrome is associated with many different features, and not all will be present in every case. Cleft palate (an opening in the roof of the mouth) and characteristic facial features are among the most common features found with this syndrome.
The heart defect most often associated with velocardiofacial syndrome is an abnormal opening in the fibrous partition (septum) that separates the heart's two lower chambers (ventricular septal defect). Additional symptoms and findings often associated with the disorder may include eye (ocular) defects such as clouding of the lenses of the eyes (cataracts) and/or abnormalities of blood vessels in the nerve-rich membranes lining the eyes (tortuous retinal vessels). Psychiatric problems may vary as well, from moderate behavioral change to severe bipolar mood swings or schizophrenia. The range and severity of symptoms vary greatly from case to case.
Velocardiofacial syndrome is inherited as an autosomal dominant genetic trait and is sometimes known as chromosome 22q11 deletion spectrum because it is associated with multiple identifying features known to occur as a result of a deletion of genetic material on chromosome 22. This syndrome is also associated with other names (see synonyms).
FACES: The National Craniofacial Association
P. O. Box 11082
Chattanooga, TN 37401
Transposition of the Great Arteries
317 East 34th St.
New York, NY 10016
Velo-Cardio-Facial Syndrome Educational Foundation
P.O. Box 874
Milltown, NJ 08850
American Heart Association
7272 Greenville Avenue
Dallas, TX 75231-4596
NIH/National Oral Health Information Clearinghouse
1 NOHIC Way
Bethesda, MD 20892-3500
NIH/Nat'l Institute on Deafness & Other Communication Disorders Information Clearinghouse
1 Communication Ave
Bethesda, MD 20892-3456
22q and You Center
The Department of Clinical Genetics
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
One Children's Center
34th Street and Civic Center Boulevard
Philadelphia, PA 19104
Chromosome 22 Central
237 Kent Ave
Ontario, Intl P4N 3C2
MUMS National Parent-to-Parent Network
150 Custer Court
Green Bay, WI 54301-1243
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
For a Complete Report
For a Complete Report
This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html