Gerstmann Syndrome

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Gerstmann Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Developmental Gerstmann Syndrome
  • Gerstmann Tetrad
  • GS

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Gerstmann syndrome is a rare neurological disorder that can occur as the result of a brain injury or as a developmental disorder. The syndrome is characterized by the loss or absence of four cognitive abilities- the loss of the ability to express thoughts in writing (agraphia, dysgraphia), to perform simple arithmetic problems (acalculia), to recognize or indicate one's own or another's fingers (finger agnosia), and to distinguish between the right and left sides of one's body. Additional cognitive defects may occur in some cases.

The disorder has not been found to run in families. In extremely rare cases, children who are bright and functioning intellectually at a high level may be affected by the disorder as well as those who suffer brain damage.

Gerstmann syndrome is different from Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome, a rare genetic degenerative brain disorder.

Resources

National Center for Learning Disabilities
381 Park Avenue South
#1401
New York, NY 10016
Tel: (212)545-7510
Fax: (212)545-9665
Tel: (888)575-7373
Email: help@ncld.org
Internet: http://www.ld.org

Learning Disabilities Association of America
4156 Library Road
Pittsburgh, PA 15234-1349
Tel: (412)341-1515
Fax: (412)344-0224
Tel: (888)300-6710
Email: info@LDAAmerica.org
Internet: http://www.ldaamerica.org

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
10801 Rockville Pike
Rockville, MD 20852
United States
Tel: (800)321-2742
Fax: (301)571-0457
Tel: (800)321-2742
TDD: (301)897-5700
Email: actioncenter@asha.org
Internet: http://www.asha.org

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
Tel: (301)496-5751
Fax: (301)402-2186
Tel: (800)352-9424
TDD: (301)468-5981
Email: me20t@nih.gov
Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/

MUMS National Parent-to-Parent Network
150 Custer Court
Green Bay, WI 54301-1243
USA
Tel: (920)336-5333
Fax: (920)339-0995
Tel: (877)336-5333
Email: mums@netnet.net
Internet: http://www.netnet.net/mums/

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Email: ordr@od.nih.gov
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/Default.aspx

For a Complete Report

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html

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