Oculocerebrocutaneous Syndrome

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Oculocerebrocutaneous Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Delleman Syndrome
  • Delleman-Oorthuys Syndrome
  • Orbital Cyst with Cerebral and Focal Dermal Malformations
  • OCC Syndrome
  • OCCS

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Oculocerebrocutaneous (OCC) syndrome, a rare genetic disorder, is apparent at birth (congenital). The disorder is characterized primarily by eye (ocular), brain (e.g., cerebral), and skin (cutaneous) malformations. For example, many affected infants have semisolid or fluid-filled swellings (cysts) within the cavities of the skull (orbits) that accommodate the eyeballs and associated structures. In most cases, the eye on the affected side or sides is also abnormally small (microphthalmos). Brain abnormalities associated with OCC syndrome may include malformations of the ventricular system in the middle of the brain, multiple fluid-filled spaces within the outer region of the cerebral hemispheres (cerebral cortex), and absence of the band of nerve fibers that joins the brain's hemispheres (agenesis of the corpus callosum). Affected infants and children may also have mental retardation and episodes of uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain (seizures). In addition, OCC syndrome is characterized by underdevelopment or absence of skin in certain localized regions (focal dermal hypoplasia or aplasia) and most have protruding, flesh-colored or brownish outgrowths of skin (cutaneous tags) within certain facial areas, including around the eyelids, on the cheeks, or near the ears. In all individuals with OCC syndrome, the disorder appears to occur randomly for unknown reasons (isolated, with no family history of similar disorders).
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Resources

March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
Tel: (914)997-4488
Fax: (914)997-4763
Tel: (888)663-4637
Email: Askus@marchofdimes.com
Internet: http://www.marchofdimes.com

International Children's Anophthalmia Network (ICAN)
c/o Center for Developmental Medicine and Genetics
5501 Old York Road
Genetics, Levy 2 West
Philadelphia, PA 19141
USA
Tel: (215)456-8722
Fax: (215)456-2356
Tel: (800)580-4226
Email: ican@anophthalmia.org
Internet: http://www.anophthalmia.org

Agenesis of the Corpus Callosum (ACC) Network
5749 Merrill Hall
Room 18
University of Maine
Orono, ME 04469-5749
Tel: (207)581-3119
Fax: (207)581-3120
Email: um-acc@maine.edu
Internet: http://www.umaine.edu/edhd/research/accnetwork.htm

Epilepsy Foundation
8301 Professional Place
Landover, MD 20785
Tel: (301)459-3700
Fax: (301)577-2684
Tel: (800)332-1000
TDD: (800)332-2070
Email: info@efa.org
Internet: http://www.epilepsyfoundation.org

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
Tel: (301)496-5751
Fax: (301)402-2186
Tel: (800)352-9424
TDD: (301)468-5981
Email: me20t@nih.gov
Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/

Anophthalmia/Microphthalmia Registry
C/O Genetics
Albert Einstein Medical Center, Levy 2 West
5501 Old York Rd
Philadelphia, PA 19141
Tel: (215)456-8722
Fax: (215)456-2356
Email: schneida@einstein.edu
Internet: http://www.angelfire.com/mi/microphthalmia/icanqa.html

Micro & Anophthalmic Children's Society
PO Box 92
Holyhead
North Wales, LL65 9AW
United Kingdom
Tel: 0870-600-6227
Email: enquiries@macs.org.uk
Internet: http://www.macs.org.uk/

MUMS National Parent-to-Parent Network
150 Custer Court
Green Bay, WI 54301-1243
USA
Tel: (920)336-5333
Fax: (920)339-0995
Tel: (877)336-5333
Email: mums@netnet.net
Internet: http://www.netnet.net/mums/

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Email: ordr@od.nih.gov
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/Default.aspx

For a Complete Report

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc. ® (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be obtained for a small fee by visiting the NORD website. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational treatments (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, see http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdblist.html

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