Estrogen

Estrogen is a hormone that produces female physical traits and helps regulate a woman's menstrual cycle. In women, estrogen is produced in varying amounts throughout the menstrual cycle, mainly by the ovaries.

When a woman's estrogen levels reach a low enough point, she stops having monthly menstrual periods (menopause). This can happen either as part of natural aging or when a woman's ovaries have been removed or have been damaged by chemotherapy or radiation. After menopause, a woman's adrenal gland and the androgen from fat cells produce low levels of estrogen.

Men have low levels of estrogen in their bodies. Overweight and obese men and women have higher estrogen levels than those with lower body fat.

Last Updated: March 27, 2009

Author: Sandy Jocoy, RN

Medical Review: Joy Melnikow, MD, MPH - Family Medicine & Deborah A. Penava, BA, MD, FRCSC, MPH - Obstetrics and Gynecology

related physicians

related services

Bon Secours International| Sisters of Bon Secours USA| Bon Secours Health System

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. Privacy Policy. How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.

© 1995-2010 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.