Sarcoidosis

Sarcoidosis is a rare disease that causes inflammation and scar tissue throughout the body, especially the lungs, lymph nodes, liver, skin, and eyes.

The cause of sarcoidosis is not known. It occurs most often in young and middle-aged adults.

Symptoms may include fever, body aches, swelling of the lymph glands, breathlessness, a reddish rash on the face, painful joints, and numbness. However, sometimes sarcoidosis does not cause any symptoms. It may lead to lung (respiratory) failure and heart problems in some cases.

Sarcoidosis may require long-term treatment (lasting months to years) with corticosteroids and other medicines, especially if it causes severe breathing problems or affects the brain and heart.

Last Updated: June 7, 2009

Author: Maria Essig

Medical Review: Caroline S. Rhoads, MD - Internal Medicine & Robert L. Cowie, MB, FCP(SA), MD, MSc, MFOM - Pulmonology

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