Tendon injury (tendinopathy)

Tendinopathy describes two conditions that are likely to occur together: tendon inflammation, known as tendinitis, and tiny tears in the connective tissue in or around the tendon, known as tendinosis. Tendons are the tough, ropelike fibers that connect muscles to bones.

Tendon injuries can develop in many different parts of the body. Any activity that requires repeated twisting or rapid joint movements, such as certain sports or jobs, can cause a tendon injury. Aging can also be a factor, as the wear and tear that occurs to tendons over time can also make them vulnerable to injury.

Common symptoms of tendon injury include pain, tenderness, and decreased strength and movement in the affected area.

Home treatment for tendinopathy includes rest, ice, and pain medication. Weeks to months of rest from any activity that makes the condition worse may be necessary to allow the tendon to heal. The amount of rest needed depends on the severity of the injury.

Last Updated: December 17, 2008

Author: Shannon Erstad, MBA/MPH

Medical Review: Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & William M. Green, MD - Emergency Medicine & Nicola Maffulli, MD, PhD - Orthopedics

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