Other conditions with symptoms similar to Reye syndrome

Reye syndrome is very rare, and many disorders have similar symptoms. Other diseases and conditions that will be considered as a cause of symptoms before a diagnosis of Reye syndrome is made include:

  • Metabolism problems. Most of these disorders are related to liver enzyme defects or protein and fatty metabolism problems and are usually diagnosed before a child is 3 years of age. Symptoms often include frequent low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia), an enlarged heart, and muscle weakness. Another child in the family usually has the disorder as well.
  • Effects of drugs (drug intoxication), such as aspirin.
  • Poisoning, including from illegal drugs.
  • Head injury that a parent or adult may not have seen or known about.
  • Infection of the brain and spinal cord.
  • Kidney failure.

Last Updated: September 18, 2008

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