Other names for food allergens

Food labels tell you what ingredients are in a food. However, sometimes they use uncommon terms for an allergy-causing food or substance (allergen). The following table provides terms you may see on a food label for common allergens and foods that may contain the allergen.

Common food allergy terms
Allergen Other names Often an ingredient of:
Wheat
  • Gluten
  • Bran
  • Bulgur
  • Couscous
  • Cereal extract
  • Cracker meal
  • High-protein flour
  • Semolina
  • Spelt
  • Simplesse
  • Soups
  • Bread, pasta, white flour, cookies, crackers
  • White vinegar
  • Alcoholic beverages
  • Ice cream
  • Some baking powder and soy sauces
  • Coffee substitutes made with grains
  • Instant beverages made with malt
Milk, cow's milk protein
  • Casein, sodium caseinate, potassium caseinate, rennet casein, magnesium caseinate
  • Milk solids
  • Curds, delactosed whey, demineralized whey, whey protein concentrate
  • Lactalbumin, lactalbumin phosphate, lactose
  • Butter, artificial butter flavor, margarine
  • Cheese
  • Custard
  • Sour cream, yogurt
  • Brown sugar, chocolate
  • Lunch meats, hot dogs
  • High-protein flour
Eggs
  • Albumin
  • Globulin
  • Ovalbumin, ovomucin, ovomucoid
  • Lysozyme
  • Simplesse
  • Mayonnaise, salad dressings, sandwich spreads
  • Bread
  • Ice cream
  • Egg-based glaze on baked goods
Corn
  • Corn meal
  • Corn syrup
  • Dextrose
  • Maple syrup
  • Powdered sugar
  • Grits
  • Vitamin C
  • Adhesive on stamps and envelopes
Sulfites

No alternative terms, but sulfites are contained in many foods. Read labels carefully.

  • Alcoholic beverages
  • Fruit juices
  • Bakery items, pizza crust, waffles
  • Pickles, olives, wine vinegar, horseradish, pickled vegetables, relish
  • Trail mix and other dried foods, coconut
  • Gelatin, frosting, jam, jelly, hard candy, sugar
  • Gravies, stuffing, noodles, rice mixes
  • Fish and shellfish
  • Tortilla and potato chips
  • Vegetable juices, canned and frozen vegetables
Peanuts
  • Cold-pressed peanut oil
  • Mixed nuts
  • Hydrolyzed plant protein
  • Vegetable protein
  • Baked goods (pastries, cookies, Danish)
  • Chocolate, marzipan, nougat, candy
  • Chili, soups
  • Chinese and Thai dishes
Soy
  • Textured vegetable protein
  • Miso
  • Soy sauce, shoyu sauce, tamari
  • Tempeh, tofu
Fish
  • Anchovies
  • Caviar
  • Roe
  • Anchovies
  • Caviar
  • Roe

Last Updated: March 9, 2009

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