Screening adults for type 2 diabetes
You can use the American Diabetes Association's risk test for diabetes to see whether you are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes.
If you are age 45 or older, the American Diabetes Association recommends that you get tested for diabetes every 3 years.1 The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends diabetes testing for people who have blood pressure higher than 135/80.2 Talk with your doctor about what is putting you at risk and how often you need to be tested.
- Are overweight and are age 45 or older. Get checked for prediabetes during your next routine office visit.
- Are at a healthy weight and are age 45 or older. During a routine office visit, ask your doctor if testing is appropriate.
- Are younger than 45 and
body mass index (BMI) is 25 or greater—and you have
one or more other things that put you at risk for type 2 diabetes. These
- High blood pressure, over 140/90 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg), or you take medicine to control high blood pressure.
- Low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and high triglyceride.
- A family history of type 2 diabetes. People who have a parent, brother, or sister with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes have a greater risk of getting the disease than adults who do not have a family history of the disease.
- A history of gestational diabetes or having a baby weighing more than 9 lb (4 kg). Women who have had gestational diabetes or who have had a large baby are at greater-than-average risk for getting type 2 diabetes later in life.
- Risk due to race or ethnicity. African Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans, Asian Americans, and Pacific Islanders are at greater risk than whites for getting type 2 diabetes.
- A history of heart disease.
- A history of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
- A history of higher than normal blood sugar.
- Are overweight and get little or no exercise and want to help reduce your risk for getting type 2 diabetes.
For more information, see the topic Type 2 Diabetes.
- American Diabetes Association (2009). Standards of medical care in diabetes. Clinical Practice Recommendations 2009. Diabetes Care, 32(Suppl 1): S13–S61.
- U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (2008). Screening for type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Annals of Internal Medicine, 148(11): 846–854.
Last Updated: July 28, 2008
Author: Debby Golonka, MPH
Medical Review: Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine