Testicular self-examination (TSE)

Image of how to administer a self testicle exam

TSE is best performed after a bath or shower, when the scrotal muscles are warm and relaxed. If you do the exam at another time, remove your underwear so that your genitals are exposed.

Stand and place your right leg on an elevated surface about chair height. Then gently feel your scrotal sac until you locate the right testicle. Roll the testicle gently but firmly between your thumb and fingers of both hands, carefully exploring the surface for lumps. The skin over the testicle moves freely, making it easy to feel the entire surface of the testicle. Repeat the procedure for the other side, lifting your left leg and examining your left testicle. Feel the entire surface of both testicles.

If you do notice a lump or swelling during TSE, contact your doctor right away. Do not wait for the lump to go away. It may not be cancer. But if it is testicular cancer, immediate treatment provides the best chance for a cure.

Last Updated: January 26, 2009

Medical Review: Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine & Christopher G. Wood, MD, FACS - Urology/Oncology

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