Metabolic syndrome

Metabolic syndrome is a group of abnormal test findings related to the body's metabolism. These findings include excess body fat (particularly abdominal obesity); elevated triglycerides, blood pressure, and fasting glucose; and low HDL cholesterol (the "good" cholesterol).

Metabolic syndrome is closely linked to a specific metabolic problem called insulin resistance, in which normal actions of insulin are impaired.

LDL (low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol is the “bad” cholesterol, which carries mostly fat and only a small amount of protein from the liver to other parts of the body. HDL (high-density lipoprotein) is sometimes called "good" cholesterol because it helps prevent cholesterol (a waxy, fatlike substance) from building up in the arteries.

Having metabolic syndrome increases the risk for coronary artery disease (CAD), even beyond that caused by high LDL cholesterol alone. Weight loss and increased physical activity can reduce the risk for metabolic syndrome.

Last Updated: June 16, 2008

Author: Caroline Rea, RN, BS, MS

Medical Review: Caroline S. Rhoads, MD - Internal Medicine & Matthew I. Kim, MD - Endocrinology & Metabolism

related physicians

related services

Bon Secours International| Sisters of Bon Secours USA| Bon Secours Health System

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. Privacy Policy. How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.

© 1995-2010 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.